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2018 IPP国际会议:大都市圈建设与城市化的未来——世界与中国(2018 IPP International Conference: Metropolitan Circles Development and the Future of Urbanization—The World and China)

05. 02, 2018  |     |  0 comments



2018 IPP国际会议

大都市圈建设与城市化的未来:世界与中国

会议联合主席:郑永年教授 Hans d’Orville/汉斯•道维勒教授

主办单位:华南理工大学公共政策研究院

协办单位:联合国教科文组织

会议时间:201881920

会议地点:广州琶洲香格里拉大酒店三楼步步高厅


全球经济新周期正在推动全球城市体系发生重构,如何进一步释放城市的变革力量,更好地实现可持续的城市发展,已经成为世界各国普遍关注的全球性议题。由于大城市强大的规模经济效应,时至今日,处于城市化进程中的发展中国家,甚至发达国家的特大城市都仍然在集聚更多的人口。联合国人居署发布的《2016年世界城市状况报告》指出,目前排名前600位的主要城市中居住着1/5的世界人口,对全球GDP的贡献高达60%。居住人口超过1000万的“超级城市”数量已从1995年的14个增加到2015年的28个,其中22个都集中在拉美、亚洲和非洲地区。作为当今世界最大的都市圈,东京都市圈的人口还在上升,经济密度仍然在增强,而巴黎和伦敦等成熟的超级城市也已经扭转了人口负增长的局面。显然,新一轮的全球城市扩张将带来巨大的经济发展潜力,但如果不对城市化加以规划和管理,公共服务短缺、气候变化、贫民窟和不平等加剧、安全环境恶化、国际移民激增等问题与挑战,也将破坏全球城市的长期可持续发展。


无论是国内还是国际迁移,人口向大城市集中,都体现的是人民对更高收入、更多就业机会和更好生活质量的向往,本质上是市场经济配置资源的必然结果。作为对城市化带来的一系列严峻挑战的回应,相较于排斥城市化的后现代主义观点,一种强调以核心大城市辐射并带动周边中小城市协调发展的大都市圈建设的发展观念,愈加受到世界主要国家的重视。以纽约、芝加哥、东京、伦敦、巴黎、上海等全球性特大城市为核心的都市圈,是各自国家人口最密集、经济最活跃、最富有竞争力的地区,也是世界新知识、新技术和新产品的主要创新源地集聚区。这些大都市圈的成功经验,正在激励很多国家相继推出本国的大都市圈建设规划,以此打造所在国家或地区经济发展的枢纽和参与全球竞争的制高点。


大都市圈建设能否克服当前城市化发展遭遇的瓶颈,从而既能化解因人口和资源过度聚集而产生的各类城市病,又能实现不同城市的人口、产业、功能与社会生活的分工与融合,这不仅需要在理论上进行深度研讨,更需要世界各国在实践上携手合作推动变革。在新的发展时代下,中国政府已经将“城市群发展”提高到了更加重要的战略高度,粤港澳大湾区就是继京津冀一体化、长三角经济带之后的又一个国家区域发展战略,致力于突破因地域、文化和政治制度等因素而造成的地区间隔阂,力图成为具有世界级影响力的湾区都市圈。中国在大都市圈建设中的积极探索与实践,值得与世界其他国家和地区的先进经验展开对话,通过彼此之间的相互学习借鉴增进理论认识,共同为促进人类未来发展与增进人类福祉贡献智慧。


华南理工大学公共政策研究院2018年国际会议将邀请来自欧美、东亚、南亚、拉美与中国学者,研讨当今世界大都市圈发展的新趋势、新机遇与新挑战,以及各国应对这些挑战的重要经验;通过对全球经验的比较和分析,结合中国实践深入探讨新时代下中国的区域协调发展战略以及大都市圈发展与治理等重大问题。


会议日程安排


8月19日(周日)


8:30—9:00

签到


9:00—9:10

校领导致欢迎辞


9:10—9:50

主题演讲:

李伟主任

国务院发展中心主任


9:50—10:10

茶歇


议题一

大都市圈发展对世界治理结构的影响

主持人:郑永年教授


10:10—10:30

Devanand Ramiah/戴文德先生(TBD)

联合国开发计划署驻华代表处副国别主任


10:30—10:50

魏后凯教授

中国社会科学院农村发展研究所所长


10:50—11:10

全球化与全球城市

Saskia Sassen/ 萨斯基娅·萨森教授

哥伦比亚大学


11:10—11:30

通过基础设施建设与创新实现城乡一体化

Hans d’Orville教授

UNESCO前助理总干事/ 华工荣誉教授


11:30—11:45

评论人:


11:45—12:05

观众提问


12:05—12:15

演讲嘉宾合影(茶歇区背景板前)


12:15—14:00

午餐


议题二

美国的大都市圈发展

主持人:


14:00—14:20

美国加州湾区的发展

Allen Scott教授

加州大学洛杉矶分校


14:20—14:40

美国纽约湾区的发展

Brendan O'Flaherty教授 (TBD)

哥伦比亚大学


14:40—15:00

美国大湖区都市圈的发展

David Halle教授 (TBD)

纽约城市大学


15:00—15:15

评论人:


15:15—15:35

观众提问


15:35—15:55

茶歇


议题三

欧洲的城市圈

主持人


15:55—16:15

英国城市圈的发展

Cliff Hague教授

英国赫瑞-瓦特大学规划与空间发展荣休教授


16:15—16:35

欧洲的大都市圈发展

Mehri Madarshahi教授

北京亚太交流与合作基金会副主席


16:35—16:55

法国的大都市圈发展

Cristiana Mazzoni教授

巴黎美丽城高等建筑学院


16:55—17:10

评论人:


17:10—17:30

观众提问


8月20日(周一)


9:00—9:40

主题演讲: 粤港澳大湾区

郑永年教授

华南理工大学公共政策研究院/ 新加坡国立大学东亚研究所


9:40—10:00

茶歇


议题四

中国的城市圈发展

主持人: Hans d' Orville 教授


10:00—10:20

京津冀、雄安的都市圈发展

史育龙教授

国家发改委国土开发与地区经济研究所所长


10:20—10:40

长三角都市圈发展

周振华教授 (TBD)

上海发展战略研究所所长


10:40—11:00

中西部地区都市圈发展

倪鹏飞教授

社科院城市研究与竞争力研究中心主任


11:00—11:15

评论人

杨保军教授

中国城市规划设计研究院院长

11:15—11:35

观众提问

11:35—13:00

午餐


议题五

亚洲城市发展

主持人


13:00—13:20

东京都市圈的发展

Yoshihisa Godo/神门善久教授

明治学院大学


13:20—13:40

印度都市圈的发展

任雪飞教授

密歇根州立大学


13:40—14:00

韩国都市圈的发展

Yu-Min Joo助理教授

新加坡国立大学


14:00—14:15

评论人:


14:15—14:35

观众提问


14:35—14:50

茶歇


议题六

新兴国家的大都市圈发展

主持人:


14:50—15:10

Humphrey Moshi教授

达累斯萨拉姆大学


15:10—15:30

Yun-Tso Lee教授

智利发展大学国际关系研究中心主任


15:30—15:50

Linda Darmajanti教授 (TBD)

印度尼西亚大学


15:50—16:05

评论人:


16:05—16:25

观众提问


16:2517:30

圆桌讨论: 经验与教训

主持人:郑永年教授

讨论人:待定





2018 IPP International Conference:

Metropolitan Circles Development and the Future of Urbanization:

The World and China

Conference Co-Chairs: Prof. Yongnian Zheng and Prof. Hans d’Orville

Organizer: Institute of Public Policy (IPP), South China University of Technology

Co-Organizer: UNESCO

Time: August 19—20, 2018

Location: Shangri-La Hotel, Guangzhou, China



The latest global economic outlook points to an ongoing restructuring of the global urban system. The key concern lies in, in relation to sustainable urban development, unlocking the transformative power of cities. Thanks to the economies of scale in metropolises, many cities in the developing world today—including even the megacities in the developed world—remain densely populated. According to World Cities Report 2016 released by UN-Habitat, the top 600 cities, which are home to almost one fifth of the world’s population, make up 60 percent of global gross domestic product (GDP); mega-cities with population of over 10 million people had risen from 14 in 1995 to 28 in 2015, 22 of which were in Latin America, Asia, and Africa. The world’s largest metropolitan circle, namely, the Tokyo metropolitan area continues to boom while remaining economically dense as the full-fledged mega-cities of London and Paris are successful in turning the tide on population decline. Hence, a new round of global urban expansion offers tremendous potential for economic development. However, if left unmanaged, issues ranging from market failure, climate change, social inequality and security dilemma to migration crisis could undermine the long-term sustainable development of global metropolises.


Be it domestic or cross-border migration into metropolises, it reflects a desire for higher income and better quality of life—essentially an inevitable outcome of market-based resource allocation. As a response to challenges associated with urbanisation, the developmental concept that highlights metropolitan circles development is receiving widespread attention globally, in contrast to the postmodern perspective that rejects urbanization. It encourages metropolitan core cities to shape and promote the coordinated development between small and medium-sized cities in peripheral areas. The metropolitan circles formed around global mega-cities such as New York, Chicago, Tokyo, London, Paris, and Shanghai are the world's most densely populated and the most dynamic regions as well as major sources of innovation and new technology. The success of these metropolitan circles has propelled many more countries to build their own metropolitan circles as economic hubs in pursuit of the commanding heights of global competition.


Whether metropolitan circles can overcome the bottlenecks encountered in urbanization depends on finding practical solutions to urban diseases caused by over-concentration of population and resources while integrating various populations, industries and administrative functions with social life. This requires not only in-depth theoretical research, but also cooperation among countries. Today, city cluster development has been set as a priority goal on the Chinese government's agenda. The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area (GHKMGBA) is yet another China's regional development strategy, after the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Integration and Yangtze River Economic Belt, which aims to break through inter-regional geographical, cultural, and political barriers as part of the development of a world-class bay-area based metropolitan circle. China's proactive engagement with metropolitan circles development deserves dialogue with countries experienced in the field. This conference strives to enhance the theoretical understanding of metropolitan circles development and contribute wisdom to the enhancement of human welfare through knowledge sharing and mutual learning.


The conference will bring together leading researchers and scholars from around the world to present and discuss current trends and new challenges in metropolitan circles development as well as global experience in addressing and confronting these challenges. By putting global experience into perspective, the conference seeks to explore China's regional coordinated development and metropolitan governance strategies in practice.


Conference Program

Sunday, August 19th


8:30—9:00

Registration


9:00—9:10

Welcome remarks


9:10—9:50

Keynote Speech:

Prof. Wei Li

Director of Development research Center of the State Council


9:50—10:10

Tea Break


Panel 1

Metropolitan Circles Development and Global Governance

Moderator: Prof. Yongnian Zheng


10:10—10:30

Mr. Devanand Ramiah  (TBD)

Deputy Country Director UNDP China


10:30—10:50

Prof. Houkai Wei

Director, Rural Development Institute, China Academy of Social Science


10:50—11:10

Globalisation and Metropolises

Prof. Saskia Sassen

Columbia University


11:10—11:30

Integrating Rural Villages into Metropolitan Circles—through Infrastructural Development and Innovation

Prof. Hans dOrville

Former Assistant Director-General for Strategic Planning, UNESCO; Honorary Professor, South China University of Technology


11:30—11:50

Commentator

TBD


11:50—12:05

Q&A


12:05—12:15

Guest speakers take photos out of the ballroom


12:15—14:00

Luncheon


Panel 2

Metropolitan Circles Development in North America

Moderator: TBD


14:00—14:20

San Francisco Bay Area

Prof. Allen Scott

University of California, Los Angeles


14:20—14:40

New York Bay Area

Prof. Brendan OFlaherty  (TBD)

Columbia University


14:40—15:00

Prof. David Halle  (TBD)

The City University of New York


15:00—15:15

Commentator

TBD


15:15—15:35

Q&A


15:35—15:55

Tea Break


Panel 3

Metropolitan Circles Development in Europe

Moderator: TBD


15:55—16:15

Metropolitan Circles in the UK

Prof. Cliff Hague

Professor Emeritus of Planning and Spatial Development, Heriot-Watt University


16:15—16:35

Metropolitan Circles in Europe

Prof. Mehri Madarshahi

V. Chair of Asia' Pacific Exchange Cooperation Foundation


16:35—16:55

Metropolitan Circles in France

Prof. Cristiana Mazzoni

National Superior School of Architecture of Paris-Belleville


16:55—17:10

Commentator

TBD


17:10—17:30

Q&A


Monday, August 20th


9:00—9:40

Keynote Speech: Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area

Prof. Yongnian Zheng

Institute of Public Policy (IPP), SCUT / East Asian Institute, NUS


9:40—10:00

Tea Break


Panel 4

Metropolitan Circles Development in China

Moderator: Prof. Hans d' Orville


10:00—10:20

Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and Xiong'an Regions

Prof. Yulong Shi

Director, Chinese Academy of Macroeconomic Research


10:20—10:40

Yangtze Delta Metropolitan Circle

Prof. Zhenhua Zhou  (TBD)

Director, Institute for Development Strategy, Shanghai


10:40—11:00

Metropolitan Circles in the Midwest

Prof. Pengfei Ni

National Academy of Economic Strategy, China Academy of Social Science


11:00—11:15

Commentator

Prof. Baojun Yang

President, China Academy of Urban Planning & Design

11:15—11:35

Q&A

11:35—13:00

Luncheon


Panel 5

Urban Development in Asia

Moderator: TBD


13:00—13:20

Tokyo Metropolitan Area

Prof. Yoshihisa Godo

Meiji Gakuin University


13:20—13:40

Metropolitan Circles in India

Prof. Xuefei Ren

Michigan State University


13:40—14:00

Metropolitan Circles in South Korea

Assist Prof. Yu-Min Joo

National University of Singapore


14:00—14:15

Commentator

TBD


14:15—14:35

Q&A


14:35—14:50

Tea Break


Panel 6

Metropolitan Circles Development in Emerging Nations

Moderator: TBD


14:50—15:10

Prof. Humphrey Moshi

University of Dar es Salaam


15:10—15:30

Prof. Yun-Tso Lee

Director of International Studies Center, University for Development, Chile


15:30—15:50

Prof. Linda Darmajanti  (TBD)

University of Indonesia


15:50—16:05

Commentator

TBD


16:05—16:25

Q&A


16:2517:30

Round-Table Discussion: Experience and Lessons

Moderator: Prof. Yongnian Zheng

Participants:

TBD




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