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2019 IPP国际会议 | 文明与国家治理:西方和非西方

04. 10, 2019  |     |  0 comments


文明与国家治理:西方和非西方

2019 IPP国际会议

会议联合主席:郑永年教授  Prof. Hans d’Orville/汉斯•道维勒教授

主办单位:华南理工大学公共政策研究院

协办单位:联合国教科文组织

会议时间:2019817日—18

会议地点:中国·广州 琶洲香格里拉大酒店

 

历史地看,西方世界、中国、印度、穆斯林世界等不同的文明体系分别演化出不同的治理模式和制度体系。在不同的文明体系内部,人们一直在追求对自身而言更为有效的治理方式。这些治理方式在很长一段时间里自成一体,各不相干。然而自近代以来,因为西方的崛起和全球化的扩张,国家之间的关系不可避免地涉及到了不同治理模式之间的关系,并且因为“内政是外交的延续”,不同治理模式不可避免地对国家间的关系产生影响。于是乎,制度、意识形态、政治价值等等纷纷走上台面,参与全球的话语竞争,并最终演变成为亨廷顿所说的“文明的冲突”。

西方政治秩序从传统的“共和民主”或者精英民主向现代的“大众民主”转变过程中出现了诸多问题,如金融危机、贫富悬殊、民粹主义泛滥等等,导致西方的治理模式在全球范围内遭遇越来越多的质疑。同时包括中国在内的非西方国家也开始探索自己的治理模式,在减贫、基础设施建设等越来越多的领域取得了举世瞩目的成就。于是,就产生了“西方的衰落”和“非西方的崛起”之争。但事实上,人们到现在为止强调的是不同模式的差异性,而忽视了在全球化状况下,不同模式的趋同现象。尽管西方还是西方,中国还是中国,印度还是印度,但并不必然意味着,不同模式之间一定会走向冲突。

从多元文明的角度来看,我们应当避免对当前全球的治理模式进行过度意识形态化的思考,而是要回到具体的经验和现实。我们必须理性地研究西方到底出了什么问题,而中国及其他非西方国家正在追求怎样的治理模式;所有这些治理模式,是否有本质的区别,抑或仅仅是适应不同文化或者不同发展阶段而衍生出来的治理模式。实际上,无论是西方还是中国等非西方国家,都是根据变化着的自身经济、社会、技术、地缘政治环境而不断调试自身的治理模式。在全球化浪潮的冲击下,资本扩张与技术进步的力量一方面正不断激发不同治理体制自身的弊病,另一方面也给这些不同的治理体制创造出相同的难题进而在破解这些难题的过程中走向多元文明的命运共同体。

本次国际会议将邀请来自欧美、东亚、南亚、拉美、非洲与中国的学者,共同讨论多元文明背景下不同治理模式所面临的挑战,以及各国应对这些挑战的重要经验;通过对全球经验的比较和分析,探索西方治理模式和非西方治理模式如何相互借鉴,为全球有效治理提供切实可行的改善方案。





2019 IPP International Conference

 

Civilization and National Governance

The Western and non-Western Worlds

 

Conference Co-ChairProfessor Zheng Yongnian and Professor Hans d’Orville

OrganizerInstitute of Public Policy, South China University of Technology

Co-organizerUnited Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Date17-18 August 2019

LocationShangri-La Hotel, Guangzhou, China

 

 

From a historical perspective, the development of governing models in the West, China, India, Muslim world, and other civilizations has been evolutionary. Within the different civilizations, people have been pursuing effective approaches to governance which fit their cultural conditions. However, for a long time, these governance models have been largely self-contained, without intensive interaction with each other. In the modern era, due to the rise of the West and the onset of globalization, the impact of the different governance models on the relationship between countries is inevitable and diplomacy is an extension of domestic politics. As such, systems, ideologies, political values, and so on have become part of global discourse, eventually turning into what Samuel Huntington called a “clash of civilizations.”

 

The western political order has changed from elite democracy to mass democracy. The process of change has associated with many problems, like the financial crisis, the widening income inequality, and the rise of populism. The effectiveness of the governance model of the West is thus in question. In the meantime, non-Western countries like China and India are also beginning to have their own governance models and attaining eye-catching achievement in the areas of infrastructure building, economic development, poverty reeducation, and so on. This development has created discourses such as “the decline of the West” and the “rise of the non-West.” In truth, people have so far only emphasized the differences between different governance models and neglected their convergence under the context of globalization. Although the West, China, and India are different, their different governing systems may not lead to conflict.

 

Given the many civilizations in the world, an evaluation of the current mode of global governance should be based on substantive experience and reality, instead of over-applying the ideological framework. An empirical investigation of the problems faced by the West, and the type of governance model China and the non-Western countries are pursuing would be needed. Are these governance models essentially different? Or is the divergence due to their different cultures and different stages of development? Western and non-Western governance models have been fine-tuned to suit their evolving economic, political, technological and geopolitical environment. Under the wave of globalization, the expansion of capitalism and the advancement in technology have also exposed the internal defects of different governance models. This creates common challenges to these governance models, pushing civilizations towards a common destiny.

 

This international conference will have the participation of scholars from the US, Europe, Southeast Asia, South Asia, Latin America, Africa, and China to discuss the challenges faced by the different governance models and the experiences gained by these countries in meeting the challenges. Through a comparative analysis of global experiences, this conference seeks to explore how Western governance models and non-Western governance models can learn from each other, providing practical and feasible solutions for effective global governance.




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